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Know the ABCs of CPR

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If you've never taken a course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, these simple instructions could help you save a life. If you have taken a CPR course, checking this American Heart Association's procedure will serve as a review of what you learned.

A: Airway. If the person is not responsive, first call 911. If there are no head or neck injuries, gently tilt the head back by lifting the chin with one hand and pushing down on the forehead with the other.

B: Breaths. If the person is not breathing normally, give two rescue breaths. Keeping the head tilted, pinch the nose closed, and place your mouth around the mouth. Blow two slow, full breaths (about two seconds each), while watching to see that the chest rises with each breath.

After giving two breaths, check for signs of circulation such as breathing, coughing, movement, or responsiveness to gentle shaking. Place your ear near the mouth, listen for breathing.

C: Chest compressions. If no circulation is detected, begin chest compressions. Place the heel of one hand in the center of the chest (between the nipples), with the heel of the second hand on top. Position your body directly over your hands, elbows locked. Apply 15 compressions, pushing the breastbone down about two inches with each thrust and allowing the chest to return to normal between compressions. Use the full weight of your body.

Repeat the procedure three times.

Long Island Safety Articles > Know the ABCs of CPR

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